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Những từ vựng thường xuất hiện trong bài thi IELTS (Phần 1)

Thứ Tư - 04.01.2017

"The Natural World" là một trong những chủ đề quen thuộc trong các bài thi IELTS. Hôm nay AMES sẽ giới thiệu với các bạn một loạt các từ vựng hữu ích thuộc chủ đề trên. Mỗi ngày các bạn hãy học một khối lượng từ mới nhất định và nhớ xem lại thường xuyên để nhớ lâu nhé! Hi vọng sau khi học xong những từ mới này các bạn sẽ tự tin và tiếp tục chinh phục các từ vựng thuộc chủ đề khác nữa!

AMES-luyen-thi -IELTS

Danh sách từ vựng: 

STT Từ Vựng Cách phát âm Nghĩa Tiếng Việt Ví dụ
1 Aquatic (adj)   Sống ở nước Logging can also damage aquatic habitats. 
2 Array (n)   Số lượng lớn From shipping crates to paper bags, the logging industry suppelies the raw materials for an array of products
3 Defense (n)   Phòng ngự, bảo vệ Trees provide a natural defense against air pollution.
4 Deforestation (n)   Sự phá rừng Deforestation inpacts rainfall patterns, leading to flooding as well as drought and forest fires. 
5 Environment (n)      This is not without untold harm to the environment
6 Erosion (n)     Tree roots also stabilize the soil and help prevent erosion.
7 Extend (v)     The Amazon rain forest extends from Brazil into neighboring countries.
8 Fell (v)     The effects of logging extend beyond just the felling off a swath of trees. 
9 Habitat (n)     The damage includes habitat loss pollution, and climate change in all areas in the world. 
10 Impact (n)     The essay is about the impact of logging on the weather. 
  Inhibit (v)   Ngăn chặn, làm chậm lại Vegetation along rivers and stream banks kelps maintain a steady water flow by blocking the entry of soil and other residue, and tree shade inhibits the growth of algae.
11 Intercept (v)   Chắn, chặt đứng The canopy prevents surface runoff by intercepting heavy rainfall so that water can drip down slowly onto the porous Earth. 
12 Logging (n)   Việc chặt phá rừng (vì mục đích thương mại) From shipping crates to paper bags, the logging industry supplies the raw materials for an array of products. 
13 Myriad (adj)   Nhiều, vô số The rain forest floor, home to myraid plant life as well as insects, worms, reptiles and amphibians, and small mammals, relies on a dense canopy of branches and leaves to keep it healthy and intact. 
14 Nutrient (n)   Thức ăn Nutrients, water, and shelter for plants, animals, and microorganisms throughout the ecosystem are also lost. 
15 Pollution (n)   Sự ô nhiễm The damage includes habitat loss, pollution, and climate change, with the effects spanning the globe. 
16 Stabilize (v)   Duy trì, làm ổn định Tree roots also stabilize the soil and help prevent erosion. 
17 Terrestrial (adj)   Sống trên cạn Many life forms-both terrestrial and aquatic-are becoming endangered as forests vanish. 
18 Vanish (v)   Biến mất Many life forms are becoming endangered as forests vanish. 
19 Vegetation (n)   Thực vật Vegetation along rivers and stream banks helps maintain a steady water flow. 
20 Aspect (n)   Khía cạnh How birds manage to unerringly travel between distant locations is one aspect that has fascinated observers for centuries. 
21 Breed (adj)   Sinh sản Only species of seabirds migrate to the Southern Hemisphere to breed. 
22 Diurnal (adj)   Hoạt động ban ngày Diurnal migrants, those migrating during the day, take their cues from the location of the sun. 
23 Endure (v)   Chịu đựng Many rock ptarmigan never leave the high arctic tundra, spending their breeding season atop windswept arctic peaks and the winter season in nearby valleys, enduring some of the coldest conditions on Earth. 
24 Evolve (v)   Phát triển dần dần Migration is an excellent example of how nature has responded to the biological imperative for species to evolve. 
25 Fascinate (v)   Mê hoặc, quyến rũ Bird migration in particular has fascinated observers for centuries.
26 Feat (n)   Kỳ tích, kỳ công (đạt được sau khi vượt qua khó khăn) Modern-day researchers have attempted to understand this feat. 
27 Fuel (v)   Tiếp nhiên liệu, năng lượng At the start of its trip, about 55 percent of its body weight is made up of the fat necessary to fuel this amazing journey. 
28 Hemisphere (n)   Bán cầu Migration of this type takes place primarily into the higher latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere.
29 Imperative (n)   Yêu cầu khẩn cấp, sự ưu tiên Migration is an excellent example of how nature has responded to the biological imperative for species to evolve.
30 Inhabit (v)   Sinh tồn, sống They inhabit during the rest of the year.
31 Migration (n)   Sự di trú The most common form of bird migration involves traveling to higher latitudes to breed during the warm season and then returning to lower latitudes during the nonbreeding period. 
32 Navigatiion (n)   Di chuyển đường hàng không hay hàng hải In addition, diurnal migrants have also been shown to use geographic features such as mountain ranges or seacoasts as other cues for navigation. 
33 Nocturnal (adj)   Hoạt động về ban đêm Nocturnal migrants may become confused and return to land or stray off course. 
34 Observer (n)   Người quan sát How birds manage to unerringly travel between distant locations is one aspect that has fascinated observers for centuries. 
35 Obscure (v)   Che khuất When the stars are obscured by clouds, nocturnal migrants may become confused and return to land or stray of course. 
36 Optimal (adj)   Tốt ưu, tốt nhất This form of migration allows birds to breed in areas that provide optimal conditions for nesting and feeding their young. 
37 Stray (v)   Đi lạc When the stars are obscured by clouds, nocturnal migrants may become confused and return to land or stray off course. 
38 Windswept (dj)   Hứng chịu gió mạnh Many rock ptarmigan never leave the high arctic tundra, spending their breeding season atop windswept arctic peaks and the winter season in nearby valleys, enduring some of the coldest conditions on Earth. 
39 Accumulate (v)   Chất đống, tích lũy It accumulates in special glands between the leaves and then releases onto leaf surfaces.
40 Adapt (v)   Thích nghi Although desert plants have adapted for their own survival, they also help protect their ecosystem by stabilizing sand dunes, preventing erosion, presenting a barrier to sandstorms, and conserving biodiversity. 
41 Determine (v)   Quyết định Tamarisk can naturally determine when to close stomata to inhibit evaporation and regulate photosynthesis.
42 Dilute (v)   Pha loãng, làm mất chất It dilutes the normally toxic salt by increasing the number and volume of its cells. 
43 Evaporation (n)   Sự bay hơi, sự bốc hơi It controls evaporation by opening and closing the stomata. 
44 Fringe (n)   Vùng ria, vùng ráp ranh Transitional areas between the open desert and oases on the desert fringe support diverse plant forms that not only have adapted to the harsh conditions but actually thrive there. 
45 Mechanism (n)   Cơ chế Although they share many survival strategies, each has developed unique coping mechanisms of its own. 
46 Minimize (v)   Giảm thiểu The plants/ principal defense against these environmental stressors consists of drawing in as much water as possible while mimimizing moisture loss. 
47 Moisture (n)   Hơi ẩm, ẩm ướt P. euphratica controls evapuration or tiny pores, on the leaf surface in response to the amount of moisture being lost through the leaves to the surrounding air.
48 Prolific (adj)   Trù phú, sản sinh nhiều Three Taklimakan plants-Populus euphratica, Tamarix ramosissima, and Alhagi sparsifolia-represent some of the most diverse, prolific vegetation in the area. 
49 Resilient (agj)   Kiên cường, có khả năng chịu đựng trong các điều kiện khó khăn Successful desert plants are resilient so scorching summers and frigid winters.
50 Sparse (adj)   Ít, rải rác Sparse rainfall, daily temperature swings of up to 20 degree, and violent sandstorms make it one of the most extreme environments on Earth. 
51 Stressor (n)   Nguồn lo âu, điều khiến bạn căng thẳng The plants' principal defense against these environmental stressors consists of drawing in as much water as possible while minimizing moisture loss. 
52 Swing (n)   Thay đổi lớn, đột ngột The swing of the branches in the breeze made a creaking noise.
53 Thrive (v)   Phát triển tốt, phát đạt Alhagi sparsifolia, a spiny shrub, thrives in the Taklimakan Desert.